List Texas Sundown Towns: The history of racial segregation in the United States is a long and painful one, and Texas is no exception. The state has a long history of sundown towns, which were communities that enforced racial segregation by prohibiting African Americans from living or remaining in the area after sunset. These towns were established during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and their legacy continues to be felt today. In this article, we will explore the history of Texas sundown towns, including their origins, the methods used to enforce segregation, and their impact on the state’s communities.

List Texas Sundown Towns

The origins of sundown towns in Texas can be traced back to the late 19th century, when the state’s economy was rapidly growing and the population was expanding. As more and more people moved to Texas, competition for land and resources increased, and many white residents began to view African Americans as a threat to their livelihoods. This led to a rise in racist attitudes and discrimination against African Americans, which in turn led to the establishment of sundown towns.

One of the main reasons for the creation of sundown towns was the fear of African American labor competition. White residents believed that African Americans would take their jobs and lower their wages, so they established towns where African Americans not allowed to live or work. These towns often had signs at the city limits that read “Nigger, Don’t Let The Sun Set On You In Our Town” or “Nigger, Don’t Let The Sun Go Down On You Here.”

In addition to economic competition, sundown towns also established to maintain white supremacy and control. White residents wanted to keep African Americans in their place and maintain a power imbalance, so they created towns where African Americans were not welcome. This helped to reinforce the idea that African Americans were inferior and not worthy of the same rights and opportunities as white residents.

Methods Used to Enforce Segregation

Enforcing racial segregation in Texas sundown towns was a complex process that involved a variety of methods. One of the most common methods was the use of violence and intimidation. White residents would often threaten or attack African Americans who dared to enter their towns, and they would also use violence to force African Americans to leave. This helped to create a climate of fear and made it difficult for African Americans to live or work in sundown towns.

Another method used to enforce segregation was the use of discriminatory laws and policies. Many sundown towns had laws that prohibited African Americans from owning property or renting homes, and they also had policies that made it difficult for African Americans to access education, healthcare, and other essential services. These laws and policies helped to maintain the power imbalance between white residents and African Americans and reinforced the idea that African Americans were inferior.

Finally, the use of social pressure was also an important method used to enforce segregation in Texas sundown towns. White residents would often use their social networks to spread rumors and lies about African Americans, and they would also use their influence to pressure businesses and organizations to not hire or serve African Americans. List Texas Sundown Towns helped to create a climate of hostility and made it difficult for African Americans to find jobs or buy goods and services in sundown towns.

Impact of Sundown Towns on Communities

The impact of sundown towns on communities in Texas was significant and far-reaching. For African Americans, living in or near a sundown town meant facing constant discrimination, violence, and intimidation. Many African Americans forced to leave their homes and communities and move to other areas, where they often faced similar discrimination and hardship. This led to the displacement of entire communities and the destruction of families and social networks.

For white residents, living in a sundown town also had negative consequences. The constant fear and hostility towards African Americans created a toxic environment that promoted racism and discrimination. This led to a lack of diversity and understanding in sundown towns, and it also limited the economic and social opportunities for white residents.

Furthermore, the legacy of List Texas Sundown Towns continues to felt today in Texas. Many of the towns that established as sundown towns still have a predominantly white population, and they continue to face issues with racial inequality and discrimination. This includes a lack of affordable housing, limited access to education and healthcare, and a lack of economic opportunities for people of color.


The history of Texas sundown towns is a painful and shameful chapter in the state’s history. The origins of sundown towns traced back to the late 19th century, when economic competition and a desire to maintain white supremacy led to the establishment of communities where African Americans were not welcome. Enforcing segregation in these towns was a complex process that involved violence, discriminatory laws, and social pressure. The impact of sundown towns on communities was significant, and the legacy of these towns continues to be felt today in the form of racial inequality and discrimination. It is important to acknowledge and learn from this history in order to create a more just and equitable society for all.

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